Yes, that’s right only 2 and I might be causing a bit of controversy amongst the beauty world when I make a statement like that, but over the next few weeks I’ll be looking at these different skin types and some of the most common skin conditions that present themselves, how you can recognise these and what you can do.
You see the big cosmetic companies will tell us that there are 4 skin types:
Oily, dry, combination and normal (or sometimes sensitive) because they want us to buy more products. However, you’ll be pleased to hear that there is no such thing as a ‘Normal’ skin, which is actually just dry skin that’s in good condition,
Over the years we have been lead to believe that a combination skin is the classic oily T zone (chin, nose & forehead) and dry cheeks, but actually a combination skin is a combination of skin conditions that present themselves on a skin type, such as dehydration and sensitivity.
As for sensitive skin, you are not born with a sensitive skin unless you have some rare genetic disorder, sensitivity appears as a result of what you have or haven’t used on your skin over the years.
The most common skin type is dry skin and this can be defined as ‘normal’ as it is less prone to spots, blackheads and breakouts. It can feel tight after cleansing and moisturizing but it is also prone to premature aging (sorry to tell you that). Smaller pores are present on the cheeks, and in the chin nose and forehead there maybe some oil and blackheads present, this is quite normal for a dry skin.
We have more sebaceous (oil) glands in the nose, chin and forehead area – sometimes called the ‘T’Zone, and because of this many people think that they have a combination skin and end up treating the oil, when in fact this is the skin’s own, natural way of keeping itself hydrated. During the day our skin heats up and our pores expel oil to keep the surface of the skin lubricated, soft and supple. Ok, so it might not look nice, but it is perfectly natural function of the skin, especially if we’re working in heated or air-conditioned offices – both of which will dehydrate the skin, hence why the skin then has to produce oil to keep itself hydrated.
During the warmer months of the year the skin will naturally expel more oil for protection against the UV rays as it does act as a slight SPF (Sun Protection Factor) – although that doesn’t give you permission to leave the house without applying an SPF. ☀
The oil that is produced has some important functions:
- It is slightly acidic and protects the skin from bacteria and microbes. 🦠
- It also keeps the skin soft and supple 🌊
- It keeps the skin hydrated by preventing the moisture from escaping from the skin 🌧
How to look after dry skin:
✅ Cleanse, tone and moisturise twice daily.
✅ Use an oil based cleanser as this will nourish your skin while you cleanse
✅ Use a gentle toner with added ingredients such as chamomile or
✅ Use a serum before your moisturiser to super charge the skin cells
✅ In the colder months use a thicker moisturiser to keep skin supple
✅ Drink plenty of water
✅ Exfoliate twice weekly